Inequalities in the socio-economic development (2007-2009)
Disparities are there, not only between regions and districts but also among people. After having studied regional disparities, Sundarayya Vignana Kendram thought it fit to take up the task of studying Socioeconomic inequalities among different classes of people also, Accordingly, they selected 88 villages spread over all the 22 rural districts of A.P and collected data pertaining to the economic and social life of the people with the help of 14 well-trained volunteers. The data as processed, analyzed and conclusions drawn. It took us 2.5 years to complete this project. It was found that there are glaring inequalities among different classes and social groups of people, Land distribution was highly skewed. Nearly half of the rural households are landless. The income of the highest earning household is 16times more than the lowest income earning household. No adequate employment, nor are wages reasonable. Poor farmers are also not better of than agricultural workers. So, 40% of the village households are poverty stricken.The findings were published in the form of a book.
Project on regional disparities in development
From late sixties separatist movements were started cropping up. First was the Telangana Movement, then it was separate Andhra Movement, next came Rayalaseema Movement and finally it is Telangana Movement now. Every Region blames the other regions for its backwardness. Added to this farmers suicides went on increasing. In this background, Sundarayya Vignana Kendram has decided to take up the study of regional imbalances. Necessary data was drawn from the statistical, abstracts published by the Directorate of Economics and Statics, A.P. To Compute sectoral indices and comprehensive composite development index, we adopted a method developed by a renowned economist Prof. D.M. Nanjundappa for the purpose of studying regional imbalances in Karnataka. The results showed that out of 23 districts in AP only “6 districts in coastal Andhra, 3 In south Telangana including Hyderabad and Rangar Reddy, one in North Telangana are found to be most developed. and the most backward districts are 4 i.e; kurnool and ananthapur in rayalaseema and adhilabad and mahaboobnagar in telangana. The Project was funded by famous Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Kolkata. The conclusions were published in the form of a book titled “ Disparities in development”.
Land relations-crisis in agriculture A Study 2013-2014
After the first rural survey in 2008, Sundarayya Vignana Kendram along with All India agricultural workers union and All India Kisan Sabha jointly took up another survey pertaining to the changing land relations and the crisis in the agriculture. The Speciality of this survey is the participation of hundreds of local leaders from the two above mentioned organizations in data collection, processing, and analysis. Though in place of old feudal land relations capitalist relations of production have taken place to some extent, the concentration of land continued. As a result, agricultural workers and tenants grew in number. The victims of the present crisis are exactly these classes, namely agricultural workers, tenants and poor peasants. on the other hand, it was found that the capitalist land lords and rich farmers became stronger and their grip on rural life(Economic, Social, Cultural and Political) grew much more stronger. The Findings were published in five books of which one is common for both the states and two each for Telangana and A.P.